Forests include plantations, natural/indigenous forests and woodlands/savannas.
Forestry includes all activities linked to these forests and woodlands.
Forestry refers not only to the use and management of forests but also includes
the further processing of wood products into pulp for the paper and packaging industries,
sawn timber, furniture, shelving, flooring etc. In addition, forestry includes the
use, management and processing of non-timber forest products, a vast category involving
fruits, plants, medicinal herbs and animals found in forests and woodlands. Forestry
also means the use of forest woods for fuel and for the manufacturing of charcoal;
the production of important construction materials, including wooden beams, poles
and thatching; and the provision of grass for grazing for domestic and wild animals.
Forests and woodlands are crucial to the protection and conservation of the soil,
and play a vital part in water cycling. They also help moderate water flows and
reduce sedimentation in streams and reservoirs. The nation’s forests and woodlands
contribute significantly to
’s remarkable range of fauna and flora,
much of it unique. Many national parks and eco-tourism ventures use forests and
Kruger National Park
, for example, is a woodland area.